Data?1481132444

Stanley Sloan

Transatlantic relations, NATO


General Information

Richmond, Vermont USA
1000 to 1700, M-F
Eastern Time (US & Canada)

Biography

STANLEY R. SLOAN

 

Stan Sloan, one of America’s top experts on U.S.-European relations, is a Visiting Scholar in Political Science at Middlebury College, a Nonresident Senior Fellow in the Scowcroft Center of the Atlantic Council of the United States, and an Associate Fellow at the Austrian Institute for European and Security Policy. He has been a member of the Middlebury Winter Term Faculty for 13 years, and is the founding Director of the Atlantic Community Initiative (www.AtlanticCommunity.org),and President of VIC–Vermont, a private consulting firm. He served as a consultant to the National Defense University Center for Transatlantic Security Studies in 2011-12.

Stan is experienced in working successfully with both congressional Democrats and Republicans from his previous positions as an objective, non-partisan senior specialist and research manager at the Congressional Research Service.  Prior to his 25 years at CRS, he served at the CIA as the European Community and then NATO desk officer in the Office of Current Intelligence, the intelligence community representative on the US delegation to Negotiations on Mutual and Balanced Force Reductions, and as the first Deputy National Intelligence Officer for Western Europe, where he drafted the first national intelligence estimate on European defense cooperation.  

Since his retirement from government service, Stan has been teaching, lecturing, writing and consulting on US foreign and defense policy topics.

During the Middlebury College Winter Terms from 2005-2007, and in January 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015 and 2017, he taught courses on transatlantic relations, and, in January 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014 and 2016, presented a course on “American Power.”  His book, Permanent Alliance? NATO and the Transatlantic Bargain from Truman to Obama, was published by Continuum Books in July 2010.  A new edition titled Defense of the West: NATO, the European Union and the Transatlantic Bargain was published by the Manchester University Press in September 2016.

Stan was educated at the University of Maine (BA), Columbia University's School of International Affairs (MIA), and American University’s School of International Service (abd PhD).  He is a Distinguished Graduate of the Air Force Officers' Training School and served as a commissioned officer in the United States Air Force.  As noted above, Stan began his more than three decades of public service at the Central Intelligence Agency in 1967, serving as NATO and European Community desk officer, member of the U.S. Delegation to the Negotiations on Mutual and Balanced Force Reductions, and as Deputy National Intelligence Officer for Western Europe.

From 1975 to April 1999, he was employed by the Congressional Research Service in a variety of analytical and research management positions, including head of the Office of Senior Specialists. In April 1999, he retired from his positionas the Senior Specialist in International Security Policy. During 1997-98, Stan was the rapporteur for the North Atlantic Assembly special presidential report on “NATO in the 21st Century.” The late Senator William Roth, who led the effort and issued the report, wrote in his introduction: “I am particularly indebted to Stanley Sloan. His tireless efforts, combined with his extensive knowledge, and, above all, his unsurpassed appreciation for the Alliance, provided the foundation of this report. He deserves much credit for all that is right in this report.”

His recent publications include: "Defense of the West" (Atlantic-community.org, November 18, 2016); "The Trump Administration between NATO, Putin and Western Values" (warontherocks.com, November 16, 2016); “Was de Gaulle right on Britain’s role in Europe” (New Atlanticist, August 9, 2016); "Rearranging deck chairs on the Titanic?NATO's Warsaw Summit" (Atlantic Perspective, August 1, 2016); "Step on the Gas: Montenegro's Road to NATO Membership" (warontherocks.com,June 21, 2016); “NATO’s Hollowing Values Agenda,” (Atlantic Council Issue Brief, May 2016); “NATO and the Paris Attacks: Why there will not be an Article V response,” (warontherocks.com, November 18, 2015); “A successful NATO Summit? Proof will be in the Pudding” (warontherocks.com,September 10, 2014); “NATO Summit: Messaging to Moscow and Burden-Sharing” (warontherocks.com, August 27, 2014); “Does the ‘West’ exist?” (EuropeanGeostrategy.org, July 20, 2014); “Is U.S. Power Lost at Sea?” (warontherocks.com, July 10, 2014); “Is America Returning to Europe?” (warontherocks.com,June 3, 2014); “Differing Perspectives on Ukraine, Russia, NATO and U.S. Policy” (warontherocks.com, March 31, 2014); “Securing the Transatlantic Community: NATO is Not Enough (with Sten Rynning), (atlanticcouncil.org, March 17, 2014);  “Understand Putin and Russia, but Look After Our Own Interests,” (warontherocks.com, March 6, 2014); “A Transatlantic Opportunity in the Ukraine Crisis,” (warontherocks.com March 5, 2014); ”Atlanticism’s Revenge?”, [with Jordan Becker] (warontherocks.com, December 11, 2013); “Fighting with Allies,” Atlantische Perspectief, October 2013; ”Keep Your Eyes on the Prize: The Asia Pivot,” (warontherocks.com, September 9, 2013); “NATO’s “neutral” European partners:  valuable contributors or free riders?”(NATO Review, May 2013); “What is NATO’s Role in a New Transatlantic Bargain?” in The Transatlantic Bargain (NATO Defence College, 2012); “NATO’s Deterrence Review:  Strategic Fiddling while Rome Burns?” (Strategic Insights, Winter 2011); “Re-engineering the transatlantic security and defence relationship,”(Wilton Park Report, rapporteur), September 28, 2011; “Counterpoint: In Defense of NATO,” International Herald Tribune/Global New York Times, June 28, 2011; “NATO Needs Better Nonmilitary Options,” Defense News, March 21, 2011; “Transatlantic relations after the U.S. midterm elections,” Atlantisch Perpectief, December 2010;  “NATO in Afghanistan,” UNISCI Discussion Papers, January 2010; “Pondering NATO’s Future,” International Herald Tribune, March 2009; “Failure, Success or Mixed Bag:  The Foreign and Security Policy Legacy of the George W. Bush Administration,” in Atlantisch Perspectief, December 2008; “Where are American-European Relations Heading? A View from the United States,” chapter in Just Another Major Crisis? The United States and Europe Since 2000, Oxford University Press, 2008, Geir Lundestad, editor; “How and Why Did NATO Survive the Bush Doctrine?,” Report published by the NATO College Research Directorate, October 2008;  “Why should we think NATO can survive Afghanistan?,” in the August 2008 issue of Swords and Ploughshares; “NATO Beyond Russia,” chapter in NATO-Russia Relations in the Twenty-First Century, Routledge, 2008, Aurel Braun, editor; “Negotiating Article 5,” in the Summer 2006 special issue of the NATO Review; “Taking the Atlantic Community Beyond NATO Transformation,” in Freedom & Union, the Journal of the Streit Council for a Union of Democracies, Summer 2006; and “We Should be Intolerant of Intolerance,” in Europe’s World, Summer 2006.  On May 19, 2006, the International Herald Tribune published his article entitled “All the president’s truths.” In December 2005, his article entitled “How Does Religion Affect Relations between America and Europe?” appeared in EuroFuture magazine.

 

Mr. Sloan's recent books and monographs include Defense of the West: NATO, the European Union and the Transatlantic Bargain (Manchester University Press, Forthcoming 2016); Permanent Alliance? NATO and the Transatlantic Bargain from Truman to Obama (Continuum Books,July 2010); NATO, the European Union and the Atlantic Community: The Transatlantic Bargain Challenged (Rowman and Littlefield, August 2005); The Use of U.S. Power: Implications for U.S. Interests  [with Robert Sutter and Casimir Yost](Georgetown University Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, June 2004); NATO, the European Union and the Atlantic Community: The Transatlantic Bargain Reconsidered (Rowman and Littlefield, 2003); NATO and Transatlantic Relations in the 21st Century: Crisis, Continuity or Change? (Foreign Policy Association, October 2002); The United States and European Defence (Chaillot Paper, Western European Union Institute, April 2000);The Foreign Policy Struggle – Congress and the President in the 1990s and Beyond[with Mary Locke and Casimir Yost] (Georgetown University Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, January 2000.

 

Stan has lectured widely on US foreign and security policy and Euro-Atlantic security issues in Europe and the United States. He has been a frequent presenter at the NATO College in Rome (where, in September 2005, he was named an “Honorary Ancien” of the College to acknowledge his contributions to the College and the NATO alliance), the Geneva (Switzerland) Center for Security Policy, the Wilton Park (UK) Foreign Office conference center, dozens of international conferences, and for the US public diplomacy program in many countries, most recently the Czech Republic, China, Germany, Russia, Estonia, Denmark, Norway and Austria.

 

In 2002, Stan was selected as a Woodrow Wilson Foundation Visiting Fellow and most recently in that capacity lectured at Hampden-Sydney College in February 2007. Over the years, Stan has also presented to audiences at Dartmouth College, Ohio Wesleyan University, Kent State University, Harvard University, Middlebury College, University of Vermont, University of Arkansas, University of Virginia, University of Maryland, Johns Hopkins University SAIS, Georgetown University, George Washington University, National Defense University, Air War College, Army War College, U.S. Military Academy at West Point, Naval War College, U.S. Naval Academy, U.S. Air Force Academy, NATO Parliamentary Assembly, Vermont Council on World Affairs, International Institute of Strategic Studies, Chatham House, Oxford English Speaking Union, Cologne University, German Council on Foreign Relations, Dutch Atlantic Commission, Austrian Institute for European Security, French Institute for International Relations, University of Rome, University of Naples and many other venues. He has served as a Fulbright Senior Specialist at Slovenia’s University of Ljubljana in 2011 and the Estonian School of Diplomacy in Tallinn in 2007.

 

The following summarizes Mr. Sloan’s experience in teaching, mentoring and lecturing to university, government, institute and public audiences in the United States and in Europe. The list is illustrative and includes only a portion of his teaching, lecturing and writing experiences.

 

Selected teaching, mentoring, consulting and lecturing experience

 

April 2016: lectured to the Senior Course at the NATO Defense College (Rome).

 

January 2016: Taught Winter Term course on American Power at Middlebury College.

 

January 2016: Delivered presentation on “Defense of the West” as part of the Vermont Humanities Council’s First Wednesday Program at the Ilsley Library in Middlebury,Vermont.

 

October 2015:  Lectured to the Senior Course at the NATO Defense College (Rome).

 

April 2015:  Lectured to the Senior Course at the NATO Defense College (Rome).

 

February 2015:  Commentator and presenter on two panels on NATO’s future at the International Studies Association Annual Convention in New Orleans.

 

January 2015: Taught Winter Term course on Euro-Atlantic Relations at Middlebury College.

 

December 2014:  Participated in an Army War College gaming exercise on the future of NATO (Carlisle, PA.)

 

October 2014:  Lectured to the Senior Course at the NATO Defense College (Rome).

 

June 2014:  Keynoted and moderated panel of European and American experts on NATO for the Netherlands Atlantic Association (TheHague).

 

May 2014:  Lectured to the Generals, Flag Officers and Ambassadors Course at the NATO Defense College (Rome).

 

April 2014:  Lectured to the Senior Course at the NATO Defense College (Rome).

 

January 2014:  Taught Winter Term course on American Power at Middlebury College.

 

November 2013:  Lectured on transatlantic relations at US Military Academy at West Point.

 

October, April 2013, October/April 2012, October 2011, May/October 2010, September/October 2009, April 2009 (and many more in over two decades):  NATO Defense College, Rome, Italy: “The Transatlantic Link: Cornerstone of the Alliance,” international audiences of senior military officers and civilian officials from NATO and partner countries (presentations followed by seminar discussion sessions). Sloan has been teaching at the NATO College for over 20 years, in some years four times a year, twice each year to the Senior Course and twice to the General, Flag Officer and Ambassadors course. In 2005, he was honored by being named an “Honorary Ancien” of the College for his contributions to the College’s programs and to the alliance.

 

January 2013:  Taught Winter Term course on Euro-Atlantic Relations at Middlebury College.

 

December 2012:  Lectured on NATO issues at US Military Academy at West Point.

 

May 2012:  Lectured for the Department of State Public Diplomacy Program in Prague, the Czech Republic.

 

January 2012:  Taught Winter Term course on American Power at Middlebury College.

 

December 2011:  Lectured on NATO issues at US Military Academy at West Point.

 

October 2011:  Keynote speaker at Instituto Franklin –Universidad de Alcalá (Madrid, Spain)

Conference on “North and South: The United States, European Union, and the Developing World.”

 

May 2011:  Keynote speaker at NATO conference on nuclear deterrence, Tallinn, Estonia.

 

May 2011:  Fulbright Senior Specialist tour lecturing at the University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

 

January 2011:  Named consultant to Center for Transatlantic Security Studies, National Defense University.

 

January 2011:  Taught Winter Term course on Euro-Atlantic Relations at Middlebury College, Vermont.

 

September 2010:  Lectured for the Netherlands Atlantic Association in The Hague on “A New Transatlantic Bargain.“

 

October 2009:  Presented paper on “NATO Enlargement in the Beginning:  An American Perspective” to the International Conference on The Revolutions of 1989, Austrian Academy of Sciences.

 

May 2009:  Moderated and served as rapporteur for Netherlands Atlantic Commission international conference in The Hague on NATO’s new strategic concept; wrote report with policy recommendations for the Foreign Ministry of The Netherlands.

 

March 2009:  Lectured on transatlantic relations and China/NATO issues at Renmin University (Beijing) and the China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations under the auspices of the US Department of State Public Diplomacy Program.

 

January 2009:  Taught Winter term course on Euro-Atlantic Relations at Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont.

 

November 2008:  Presented keynote address to the 13th Annual Military Ball for the Pierre Claussen Military Museum and Library, Santa Barbara, California on “NATO and U.S. Interests After 60 Years:  Challenges and Opportunities.”

 

October 2008:  Public Diplomacy Lecture sponsored by the United States Embassy in Vienna, Austria: "NATO's Future and U.S. Interests:  Can the Alliance meet the Afghanistan and Russia-Georgia Challenges?"

 

July 2008:  Keynote address to the Star Island International Affairs Conference on “Faith, Freedom and Fundamentalism:  Challenges to Transatlantic Relations and Beyond.”

 

July 2008:  Lecturer at the Austrian Institute for European Security Policy’s summer academy on “Global Issues and European Responses,” Gumpoldskirchen, Austria.

 

February 2008:  Lectures on European security for the US Public Diplomacy Program in Denmark and Norway.

 

January 2008: Taught Winter-term seminar on “U.S. Power: Use and Abuse,” Middlebury College,Vermont.

 

December 2007:  Fulbright Specialist Program participant for two weeks at the Estonian School of Diplomacy, Tallinn, Estonia, teaching foreign policy analysis and U.S. foreign policy to Estonian,Ukrainian, Georgian, Moldovan and Italian students.

 

February 2007: Lecture to graduate and undergraduate students and faculty at School of International Relations, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia on “Faith, Freedom and Fundamentalism.”

 

February 2007: Lectures to students at Estonian School for Diplomacy, Tallinn, Estonia on “The Future of Transatlantic Relations” and “Religion and U.S.-European Relations.”

 

February 2007:  Woodrow Wilson Visiting Fellow at Hampton-Sydney College, Virginia. Week-long residency on campus. Lectures and talks included “Congress and Foreign Policy,” “The Role of Intelligence in U.S. Foreign Policy,”“Transatlantic Relations,” and “Religion and Foreign Policy.”

 

January 2007:  Middlebury College Winter-term course on transatlantic relations.

 

January 2006: Middlebury College Winter-term course on transatlantic relations.

 

March 2006: U.S. public diplomacy speaking tour to Germany, speaking to university, institute and public audiences in Frankfurt, Heidelberg, Stuttgart, Hamburg and Berlin.

 

January 2005: Middlebury College Winter-term course on transatlantic relations.

 

September 2002: Woodrow Wilson Visiting Fellow at Ohio Wesleyan University. Lectures and talks on “A New American Empire? The United States and the War on Terrorism,” “Intelligence and U.S. Foreign Policy,” “U.S. Foreign Policy and International Organizations,” “Congress and Foreign Policy,” “U.S.-European Relations.”

 

January 2002 (also 2000 and 2001): Geneva Center for Security Policy, Geneva, Switzerland, Lectures to classes of international government officials on “The U.S. Role in International security,” “The Role of Congress in U.S. Foreign and Security Policy,” “Lobbies and U.S. Foreign Policy.”

 

January – May 2002: University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, Spring Semester Course on “Russian Foreign Policy” (co-taught with Professor Peter J. Stavrakis).

 

December 2000:  Paper presented to German Society for International Affairs (Berlin, Germany) on “Constitutional and Institutional Dimensions: White House-Congress Relations after the End of the ‘Imperial Presidency.’ ”

 

1985-1999:  Actively mentored graduate and undergraduate interns at the Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

 

1981-present: Frequent public diplomacy lecturer at European universities and institutes sponsored by the United States Information Agency and Department of State.

 

1981: Public diplomacy speaking tour, lectures on transatlantic relations at the Oxford English Speaking Union (Oxford), Royal United Services Institute (London), International Institute for International Affairs (London) and Chatham House (Royal Institute of International Affairs, London).

 

 Selected publications

 

Books, book chapters and monographs

 

Defense of the West: NATO, the European Union and the Transatlantic Bargain, Manchester University Press (2016).

 

“NATO Enlargement in the Beginning:  An American Perspective,” in The Revolutions of 1989, Wolfgang Mueller, Michael Gehler, Arnold Suppan, eds. (Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien 2015).

 

Permanent Alliance? NATO and the Transatlantic Bargain from Truman to Obama, Continuum Books(2010).

 

NATO, the European Union and the Atlantic Community: The Transatlantic Bargain Challenged, Rowman and Littlefield (2005).

 

The Use of U.S. Power: Implications for U.S. Interests  [with Robert Sutter and Casimir Yost]Georgetown University Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, June 2004.

 

NATO, the European Union and the Atlantic Community: The Transatlantic Bargain Reconsidered, Rowman and Littlefield (2003).

 

NATO and Transatlantic Relations in the 21st Century: Crisis, Continuity or Change? (Foreign Policy Association, October 2002).

 

The United States and European Defence (Chaillot Paper, Western European Union Institute, April 2000)

 

The Foreign Policy Struggle - Congress and the President in the Nineties and Beyond (co-authored with Casimir Yost and Mary Locke) Georgetown University Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, January 2000.

 

The U.S. Role in the 21st Century World: Toward a New Consensus? (Foreign Policy Association, October 1997).

 

NATO’s Future: Beyond Collective Defense (McNair Paper, National Defense University Press, December 1995).

 

NATO in the 1990s (editor) (Pergamon-Brassey's, 1989).

 

Conventional Arms Control and Europe's Future (Foreign Policy Association, March 1989).

 

NATO's Future: Toward a New Transatlantic Bargain (National Defense University Press, 1985, and Macmillan, 1986).

 

       

CRS Reports for Congress (a small sampling from 25 years of research and analysis)

 

NATO’s Future and the Washington Summit (February 1999).

 

NATO’s Evolving Role and Missions (March 1998).

 

The U.S. Role in the World: Indispensable Leader or Hegemon? (December 1998).

 

The United States and the Use of Force in the Post-Cold War World: Away from Self-Deterrence? (January 1997).

 

NATO Nuclear Strategy: Issues for U.S. Policy (July 1996).

 

NATO's Future: Beyond Collective Defense (September 1995).

 

NATO Enlargement and Russia:  From Cold War to Cold Peace? (May 1995).

 

Global Burden sharing in the Post-Cold War World (October 1993).

 

The U.S. Role in the Post-Cold War World (March 1992).

       

 

Journal and opinion articles

 

“NATO and the Paris Attacks: Why there will not be an Article V response,” (warontherocks.com,November 18, 2015)

 

“A successful NATO Summit? Proof will be in the Pudding” (warontherocks.com, September 10, 2014)

 

“NATO Summit: Messaging to Moscow and Burden-Sharing” (warontherocks.com, August 27, 2014); “Does the ‘West’ exist?” (EuropeanGeostrategy.org, July 20, 2014);

 

“Is U.S. Power Lost at Sea?” (warontherocks.com, July 10, 2014);

 

“Is America Returning to Europe?” (warontherocks.com, June 3, 2014).

 

“Differing Perspectives on Ukraine, Russia, NATO and U.S. Policy” (warontherocks.com,March 31, 2014).

 

“Securing the Transatlantic Community: NATO is Not Enough (with Sten Rynning), (atlanticcouncil.org, March 17, 2014). 

 

“Understand Putin and Russia, but Look After Our Own Interests,” (warontherocks.com, March 6, 2014).

 

“A Transatlantic Opportunity in the Ukraine Crisis,” (warontherocks.com March 5, 2014).

 

“Atlanticism’s Revenge?” [with Jordan Becker], (warontherocks.com, December 11, 2013).

 

“Fighting with Allies,” Atlantische Perspectief, October 2013.

 

“Keep Your Eyes on the Prize: The Asia Pivot,” (warontherocks.com, September 9, 2013).

 

“NATO’s “neutral” European partners: valuable contributors or free riders?”(NATO Review, May 2013).

 

“What is NATO’s Role in a New Transatlantic Bargain,” in The Transatlantic Bargain, edited by Mark D. Ducasse, published by NATO Defense College, January 2012.

 

“NATO’s Deterrence Review:  Strategic Fiddling while Rome Burns?” in Strategic Insights (peer reviewed journal), Winter 2011.

 

“Re-engineering the Transatlantic Security and Defence Relationship,” Conference Report(rapporteur), Wilton Park, September 28, 2011.

 

“NATO Needs Better Non-military Options,” DefenseNews, 21 March 2011.

 

“Transatlantic relations after the U.S. midterm elections,” Atlantisch perspectief, December 2010.

 

“NATO in Afghanistan,” UNISCI Discussion Papers (peer reviewed journal), January2010.

 

“The Fall of the Berlin Wall:  Effects on and Impressions of the United States,” “Panorama: 20 Years after the Fall of the Berlin Wall, 01/2009, Fall 2009.

 

“The United States as a Global Actor: Power, Performance, Prospects,” Paper prepared for the Austrian Institute for European Security, November 2006.

 

“Negotiating Article 5,” Summer 2006 special issue of the NATO Review.

 

“Taking the Atlantic Community Beyond NATO Transformation,” in Freedom & Union, the Journal of the Streit Council for a Union of Democracies, Summer 2006.

 

“We Should be Intolerant of Intolerance,” Europe’s World, Summer 2006.

 

“All the President’s truths,” International Herald Tribune , May 19, 2006

 

“How Does Religion Affect Relations between America and Europe?” EuroFuture, December 2005.

 

“Re-forming the Transatlantic Alliance: Prague and Beyond,” (Centre for European Reform, October 2002)

 

“Toward a New Transatlantic Bargain” (Christian Science Monitor, May 17, 2002).

 

“Transatlantic Alliance: Dissipated or Deepened?” (Internationale Politik – German and Transatlantic editions, Spring 2002).

 

“Don’t Write Off Allies” (Defense News, March25-31, 2002).

 

“Crisis Response” (NATO Review, Spring 2002).

 

“Give NATO a Combined Task Force Against Terrorism”(International Herald Tribune, November 13, 2001).

 

“The U.S. and Europe Need New Marriage Vows” (Wall Street Journal Europe, 2/21/2001).

 

“NATO Must Plan Steady Growth” (Defense News, October 23, 2000).

 

“Foreign Policy? Blame Both Congress and the White House” (International Herald Tribune, January 21, 2000).

 

“Fifty Years Later, Europe Commits to Its Promised Role” (Defense News, January 10, 2000).

 

“Transatlantic Relations: Stormy weather on the way to enlargement?" (NATO Review, 10/1997).

 

“Negotiating a new transatlantic bargain” (NATO Review, February-March 1996).

 

“Perspectives on NATO's Future" (International Affairs, London, Volume 71, 1995).